Heikin-Ashi Formula: A Better Candlestick

Green candles with no lower shadow signal a strong UPTREND. Use one period to create the first Heikin-Ashi candle, Umarkets Forex Broker using the formulas. For example, use the high, low, open, and close to create the first HA close price.

heiken ashi

If you are an intraday trader, use the Heiken Ashi at timeframes from M5 to H1. If you are a swing trader and hold the position open for several days, you can use Heiken Ashi at H4 and D1. You’ll be able to open and close positions in a risk-free environment with £10,000 in virtual funds.


If a trend is strong, a trader can hold to it and benefit from trading in its direction. Market might consider this as a signal to start looking to exit their respective bearish positions. Based on the obtained values, the indicator builds its own candles chart, which are superimposed over the main chart. Where, Open – the value of the opening of the current price, Open (i-1) – the price of opening the previous candle, Close (i-1) – the closing price of the previous candle. That is, for the price of opening the current candle is taken the average value between the price of opening and closing of the previous candle. ATFX Overview – type of representation quotations on time segments, based on the averaged price fluctuations of the previous time period.

heiken ashi

Red candles with no upper shadow signal a strong DOWNTREND. Now that you’ve learned how to calculate Heikin Ashi candlesticks, let’s discuss how to use and read a Heikin Ashi candlestick chart. The upward move is strong and doesn’t give major indications of a reversal, until there are several small candles in a row, with shadows on either side. Traders can look at the bigger picture to help determine whether they should go long or short. A white candlestick depicts a period where the security’s price has closed at a higher level than where it had opened. The upward move is strong and doesn’t give major indications of a reversal until there are several small candles in a row, with shadows on either side.

Bearish Flag

The indication of a potential change in the trend is given by a change in the color of the HA candle. Heikin-Ashi data can be of different time frames, i.e. intraday, weekly, or monthly, etc. The HA Open is always set to the midpoint of the body of the previous bar, and the HA Close is calculated as the average price of the current bar.

That is the current period’s high, current open, and the current close. TC2000 platform & data subscriptions are offered by TC2000 Software Company (“TCS”). Securities brokerage services are offered by TC2000 Brokerage, Inc. (“TCB”), a registered broker dealer, member FINRA/SIPC. TCS and TCB are separate companies affiliated through common ownership. Instead of using the actual current price or close, the HA Close is the average of the open, high, low, and close instead.

Below is an example of a chart of the same asset using both Heikin Ashi and standard candlesticks. Commodity and historical index data provided by Pinnacle Data Corporation. Unless otherwise indicated, all data is delayed by 15 minutes. The information provided by StockCharts.com, Inc. is not investment advice. The next chart shows Monsanto with a classic correction in June 2011. The Heikin-Ashi Candlesticks were more than adequate to identify this correction and subsequent breakout.

However, one particular candlestick that seems to carry more weight than in other forms is the doji. In fact, when the market does start to show wicks on the bottom of the candles, there is a red one, and then another few smaller white candles. This was the last gasp of the uptrend, before rolling over.

Heikin Ashi is useful for short-term trading strategies, whether day trading or swing trading. It can be used in any market, including forex, stocks, commodities and indices. This chart type and indicator can help a trader to spot trends and stay in winning trades. However, before using it, traders must understand how it works, as the averaging of prices can also produce pitfalls. The chart above shows QQQ with Heikin-Ashi candlesticks over a four-month period. The blue arrows show indecisive Heikin-Ashi Candlesticks that formed with two normal candlesticks of opposite color.

Deepen your knowledge of technical analysis indicators and hone your skills as a trader. Futures, futures options, and forex trading services provided by Charles Schwab Futures & Forex LLC. Trading privileges subject to review and approval. Forex accounts are not available to residents of Ohio or Arizona. To build Heiken Ashi, a formula is used in which price data are entered, while ordinary candles are built exclusively on bare numbers, without using any calculations. A short entry is taken when the price breaks below the head and shoulders reversal pattern.

In other words, it takes much more to form a doji in a trend using these candles than typical ones. The Heikin Ashi — also spelled Heiken Ashi — is both a technical analysis indicator and a chart type, depending on how it is used. Traders that familiarise themselves with Heikin Ashi can use it to their advantage to help determine trends and trend reversals in a wide range of financial markets. This can be applied to different trading strategies also, such as day trading and swing trading.

Dozens of bullish or bearish reversal patterns consisting of 1-3 candlesticks are not to be found. Instead, these candlesticks can be used to identify trending periods, potential reversal points and classic technical analysis patterns. Heikin-Ashi charts, developed by Munehisa Homma in the 1700s, share some characteristics with standard candlestick charts but differ based on the values used to create each candle. Instead of using the open, high, low, and close like standard candlestick charts, the Heikin-Ashi technique uses a modified formula based on two-period averages.

Calculating the Heiken Ashi candles

Notice how a falling channel formed as the stock retraced around 61.80% of the prior decline. The big breakout in late June signaled an end to this correction and resumption of the advance. We introduce people to the world of trading currencies, both fiat and crypto, through our non-drowsy educational content and tools. We’re also a community of traders that support each other on our daily trading journey. These candlesticks do not show a shadow in the OPPOSITEdirection of the trend.

  • Equally so, identifying candlesticks with no upper shadows, traders should expect a new stable downward bearish trend to continue.
  • This is because the averaging formula will take into account what has been going on, and if the candles start to slow down, this clearly means that the momentum is dropping.
  • This chart is used as a form of technical analysis to look at an asset’s price movements with regard to an overall trend.
  • The HA open is the average of the prior Heikin Ashi candle open and close.
  • Our gain and loss percentage calculator quickly tells you the percentage of your account balance that you have won or lost.

You may also review our tools for Range and Volume Analyis, i.e. relative range / relative volume analysis. The candles will show whether there is real momentum based upon whether or not there are wicks on the candle. If the market is in an uptrend and there are no wicks on the bottom of the candle, this allows the trader to stay with the momentum, trailing a stop loss.

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The red arrows show a strong decline marked by a series of Heikin-Ashi candlesticks without upper shadows. This means the Heikin-Ashi Open marked the high and the remaining data points were lower. The green arrow shows a strong advance marked by a series of Heikin-Ashi candlesticks without lower shadows. This means the Heikin-Ashi open marked the low and the remaining data points were higher. Patterns and specific candlesticks can be signals as well, just like any other charting system. For example, flags are just as valid with Heikin Ashi as they are on bar charts or candlestick charts.

The trading technique assists traders in identifying when they should hold on to a trade, pause a trade, or identify if a reversal is about to occur. Heikin-Ashi Candlesticks provide chartists with a versatile tool that can filter noise, foreshadow reversals and identify classic chart patterns. In fact, all aspects of classical technical analysis can be applied to these charts.

The Heikin-Ashi chart is constructed like a regular candlestick chart, except the formula for calculating each bar is different, as shown above. The time series is defined by the user, depending on the type of chart desired, such as daily, hourly, or five-minute intervals. The down days are represented by filled candles, while the up days are represented by empty candles.

The core of the technical analysis is to identify the trend… Heikin-Ashi Candlesticks are very similar to normal candlesticks, but differ in some key features. A Heikin-Ashi candlestick is hollow when the HA-Close is above the HA-Open; conversely, Heikin-Ashi candlesticks are filled when the HA-Close is below the HA-Open. This is similar to normal candlesticks, which are filled when the close is below the open and hollow when the close is above the open. You’ll notice that for many of the green candles, there is no lower shadow or wick.

We recommend that you choose the one that best suits your trading style and do some backtests. Heiken-Ashi Candles are very much like regular candles except the actual open, high, low, and close are not used. If you see a large majority of bullish candles without a lower wick, this shows just how much bullish momentum there is in the market. This shows that the color change quickly identified the change in trend as the market dropped from there. Join thousands of traders who choose a mobile-first broker for trading the markets.

The charts can also be used to keep a trader in a trade after a trend begins. A change in color doesn’t always mean the end of a trend—it could just be a pause. The key advantage of the Axiory Forex Broker Review is that it filters out the bad signals and makes it easier for traders to spot good trade signals. It’s also possible to define support and resistance levels on the Heiken Ashi chart, as well as price and chart patterns.

Prior to trading options, you should carefully read Characteristics and Risks of Standardized Options. From time to time, some of these values will be equal, which will affect the overall appearance of the chart. The choice of the timeframe will also have a big impact on the look of the chart. An alternative is to exit when the HA has a close above a shorter SMA, such as the 12-period. An alternative is to exit when the HA has a close below a shorter SMA, such as the 12-period. Only buy when HA has turned from red to green within the last few candles and the HA is above the 50-SMA and the SMA is angled upward.